Grace: the Gift of God

31.0 About God

by: Hubert F. Sturges,, October 2009

How do we Know that God Exists
How do we Know that the Bible is True*
What are the Attributes of God?
Attributes of God Listed
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

How do we Know that God Exists?

The Bible does not "prove" God, but rather "declares" Him. Obviously, a declaration is not necessarily proved. Thus it is open to question. An important aspect of this is that:

"Without faith it is impossible to please Him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him" (Hebrews 11:6, KJV).
So a person cannot believe unless he wants to believe and chooses to believe. Is this unreasonable? No! It is not, as God has given us evidence on which to believe, to have faith.
Faith is a gift from God (John 1:9). Faith is an intuitive relationship with God. Through faith a person becomes a Friend of God. It is by having faith in God, experiencing Him in the life, that the Bible declaration of God becomes a reality in the life. Thus we know that God exists by faith. Yet it is a faith that rests on evidence.

How do we Know that the Bible is True?

The Bible is the message of God given to prophets, who then use their own language to pass on what God has said. Thus it is a combination of the human and divine. This same approach is used in the Creation of this world, in that God not only created this world, but that He continues to support His creation through laws that He has established. Human beings are created in the image of God. Through frequent communication, they were to become more and more like Him. The human partaking of the Divine nature (2 Peter 1:4-8).

Jesus Christ, very human, born of a woman, yet was "that holy thing which shall be ... called the Son of God" (Luke 1:35). In His life on earth Jesus was very human, yet in His ministry He showed many times that He was the Divine Son of God.

The combination of the human and the divine is an important aspect of God in His relation to all that He has created.

When you believe that God exists, and is Creator and Sustainer of His Creation, you begin to believe also what He has said in the Bible. Then we observe objective facts:* The beauty, intricacies, and balance of Nature declare the Creator God. Men and nations that believe in God and keep His laws are blessed and prospered. The great majority of the prophecies in the Bible are fulfilled to the exact letter. (I say "great majority" as some prophecies are "conditional" and depend on the response of the people.)

What are the attributes of God? What is God like?

See also Knowing God, by J. I. Packer

There is much that can be found out about God! The Bible is our only reliable source, without which we are left with only man’s opinion (Job 42:7). Failure to UNDERSTAND God is likely to cause us to set up, chase after, and worship false gods contrary to His will (Exodus 20:3-5).

Only what God has chosen of Himself to be revealed can be known. God reveals Himself (Isaiah 60:19, James 1:17). This reality must not be neglected. Creation, the Bible, and the Word made flesh (Jesus Christ) will help us to know what God is like.

First of all God is our Creator and we are a part of His creation (Genesis 1:1 Psalm 24:1).* God said that man is created in His image. Man is above the rest of creation and was given dominion over it (Genesis 1:26-28). Creation is marred by the 'fall' but still offers a glimpse of His works (Genesis 3:17-18; Romans 1:19-20). By considering creation's vastness, complexity, beauty, and order we can have a sense of the awesomeness of God.

Attributes of God Listed:

He is self-revealing in information of Himself (Isaiah 60:19
He is Creator of Heaven and earth
God is our Creator and that we are a part of His creation (Genesis 1:1 Psalm 24:1)
God is eternal, immortal, infinite (Deuteronomy 33:27; Psalm 90:2; 1 Timothy 1:17)
God is immutable, unchangeable; reliable and trustworthy (Malachi 3:6; Numbers 23:19; Psalm 102:26,27)
God is incomparable, unequaled and perfect (2 Samuel 7:22; Psalm 86:8; Isaiah 40:25; Matthew 5:48)
God is inscrutable, unfathomable, unsearchable (Isaiah 40:28; Psalm 145:3; Romans 11:33,34)
God is just, no respecter of persons in the sense of showing favoritism (Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 18:30).
God is omnipotent, all-powerful (Revelation 19:6; Jeremiah 32:17,27)
God is omnipresent, ever-present, everywhere (Psalm 139:7-13; Jeremiah 23:23)
God is omniscient, knows the past, present, and future, everything (Psalm 139:1-5; Proverbs 5:21)
God is one, there is no other, He alone is worthy of our worship and devotion (Deuteronomy 6:4)
God is righteous, He cannot and will not pass over wrongdoing. Only because Jesus experienced God's judgment for sin in our place can sins be forgiven (Exodus 9:27; Matthew 27:45-46; Romans 3:21-26).
God is sovereign, supreme. His purposes cannot be thwarted (Psalm 93:1; 95:3; Jeremiah 23:20)
God is spirit, invisible (John 1:18; 4:24)
God is three in one, same in substance, equal in power and glory (Matthew 28:19; Mark 1:9-11)
God is truth, incorruptible and cannot lie (Psalm 117:2; 1 Samuel 15:29).
God is holy, separated from and hostile to all moral defilement, a consuming fire (Isaiah 6:3; Habakkuk 1:13; Exodus 3:2,4,5; Hebrews 12:29)
God is gracious, good, kind, merciful, and loving (Exodus 34:6; Psalm 31:19; 1 Peter 1:3; John 3:16; 17:3).
God is unlimited as to time and space. He is omnipresent, omniscient, almighty, omnipotent,
eternal immutable, righteous, holy, just.
God’s glory is shown when He declared of Himself:* "merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and
abundant in goodness and truth" (Exodus 34:6,7).

Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

The concept of a "Godhead" or the "Trinity" is more clearly spelled out in the New Testament: Acts 17:29; Romans 1:20; Colossians 2:9. The plural form of God (elohim) is used in the Old Testament, but is not explained. Even though three persons are One God, this is not emphasized in the OT. Idolatry was a major problem in the Old Testament, and to emphasize the three persons of the Godhead, would to be to invite them to worship three gods.

Father, Son and Holy Ghost are named in the following verses:

Matthew 3:16, 17 "And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased".

Matthew 28:19-20 Baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

Isaiah 48:16 "I (Jesus) have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me".

1 Corinthians 12:3-4 "... No man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost".

2 Corinthians 13:14 "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen"

Ephesians 2:18 "For through him (Jesus) we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father".